The name of the device as well as the IPL procedure itself was created from the first letters of the phrase (Intense Pulsed Light), i.e. Intensive Pulsed Light. The beam of light produced by the device has a different length and is dispersed, so that the light reaches different layers of the skin, depending on the specific purpose of the treatment.
Mechanism of IPL operation
IPL emits a wide spectrum of different wavelengths of light. Intense light source emitted by the flash lamp. Non-laser, incoherent, visible, polychromatic, high intensity light. The wavelength of light depends on the shut-off filter used and is between 515 and 1400 nm. Different wavelengths cause the light to be absorbed by various specific chromophores in the tissues (eg melanin and hemoglobin), which absorb light of a certain length, converting it into thermal energy.
Application of IPL
IPL treatment is non-invasive without the risk of disruption of tissues, tailored to individual skin needs. IPL treatments are used for a variety of skin disorders and defects. IPL treatments can be performed at any age. The advantage of IPL is that you can combine treatments with other treatments, eg with some medical peels.
IPL is used for photorejuvenation of the skin, leveling of fine wrinkles, removal of dilated blood vessels, erythema, reduction of discolorations, treatment of acne, and removal of unwanted hair.
Photorejuvenation of the skin, reduction of discoloration
Photorejuvenation has not only anti-aging effects, but also improves skin texture and color, reduces wrinkles, eliminates telangiectasia and soothes the symptoms of rosacea. IPL is also recommended for the prophylactic care of the skin. For photorejuvenation, a strong light with the appropriate wavelength is used, which ultimately reaches the cells of the dermis, leading to the synthesis of collagen. The collagen fibers shrink and regenerate. Collagen fibers are shortened and they are rebuilt. The treatment is used in people with acne problems, due to the antibacterial effect and narrowing the widened hair follicles.
The effect of IPL on discoloration lies in the damage of melanin-containing cells by the phenomenon of selective photothermolysis induced by impulses in the filtered band 515-1200 nm.
Immediately after the removal of pigmentation changes, the discoloration gets darker. Within the next 10 days - 2 weeks, the intensity of discoloration is gradually exfoliated. Necessary UV protection up to a minimum of 4 weeks after the last treatment.
In order to achieve perfect results it is necessary to repeat the treatment every 3-4 weeks, the number of treatments is set individually, on average 3-5 treatments
Extended blood vessels
The light emitted by the device is absorbed by the red blood pigment (hemoglobin) and turns into heat. There is a coagulation and damage to the blood vessels. As a result, the walls of the blood vessels are strengthened and their visibility is reduced.
The effects of therapy
The course of the procedure
The treatment is non-invasive and requires no special preparation. During the treatment, the area covered with the therapy is exposed with short pulses of light.
The treatment is accompanied by a slight momentary burning sensation.
For a long-lasting effect, it is recommended to perform a series of 3-5 treatments at 2-4 weeks intervals.
The appearance of the skin after the procedure
A slight redness appears on the skin after the treatment, pigmentation changes immediately after the treatment are darkened, and slight peeling of the epidermis may occur in the following days.
The IPL device emits light that reaches the hair matrix. Pulsed beams of light emitted by the device affect melanin, then the light transforms into thermal energy, consequently causing destruction of the hair follicle.
Not all hairs grow at the same time and at the same pace, the light beam destroys hair in the growth phase (anagen-30%), but does not affect those that remain dormant (catagen and telogen)
In order to obtain satisfactory results, it is necessary to repeat the treatment every 4-8 weeks.
The number of treatments is set individually, on average 3-8 treatments (after 3 treatments visible hair reduction 48%, after 6 treatments 80%)
It is recommended to perform 1-2 remedial treatments a year in order to sustain the effects.
How to prepare for the hair removal procedure
What does the skin look like after a hair removal treatment
Immediately after the treatment redness may disappear after a few hours or the next day
Recommendations after the procedure of removing unwanted hair
Skin care after IPL treatment
Indications for applying IPL